Alfred W. Tatum
Just 38% of 12th graders performed at or above a proficient level in reading in 2009. Despite efforts to close the achievement gap, African-American boys fare even worse in literacy.
This 2012 Students at the Center paper makes the case for deeper efforts in schools to help African-American boys achieve literacy, highlighting outcomes of proficient reading including personal development, economic vitality, and global participation.
Because reading comprehension forms the foundation for learning just about anything after fourth grade and for functioning in society, educators need to pay more attention to how literacy instruction can safeguard academic and personal well-being.