When Success is the Only Option: Designing Competency-Based Pathways for Next Generation Learning

Chris Sturgis and Susan Patrick

Competency-based policy is often described simply as flexibility in awarding credit, or an alternative to the Carnegie unit. However, this does not capture the depth of transformation of a system shifting from a time-based system to a learning-based system.

This report explores the driving forces behind competency-based innovations and implementation issues, and highlights a number of challenges facing states and districts as they explore competency-based approaches.

In a proficiency system, failure or poor performance may be part of the student's learning curve, but it is not an outcome.